The Doberman - Breed Standard - The Mouth

Our Doberman Standard states that the teeth shall be "strongly developed and white" and there shall be "42 correctly placed teeth: 22 in the lower, and 20 in the upper jaw." The location of teeth in a Doberman's mouth is logically divided into groups. Memorizing each group will facilitate the development of a technique of rapidly observing groups at a glance, thereby precluding the necessity for actually counting the teeth, except in rare instances. The development of this technique is particularly advantageous to judges. These groups are as follows:

Twelve Incisors -There are 6 upper incisors and 6 lower incisors which comprise the bite.

Four Canines -Two fangs or canines are on either side of the incisors, top and bottom.

Sixteen Premolars -The upper jaw has 3 small premolars plus I large premolar (4 to aside) located behind the canines totaling 8 premolars. The lower jaw has 4 small premolars located behind the canines totaling 8 premolars.

Ten Molars - The upper jaw has 2 small molars (2 to a side) located behind the premolars totaling 4 molars. The lower jaw had I large molar plus 2 small molars (3 to a side] located behind the premolars totaling 6 molars.

If four or more teeth are missing, the Doberman shall be disqualified from the breed ring. Also, there are two bite disqualifications, "overshot" more than 3/16 of an inch or "undershot" more than 1/8 of an inch.

What is overshot? The front teeth {incisors) of the upper jaw overlap and do not touch the front teeth of the lower jaw when the mouth is closed.

What is undershot? The front teeth (incisors) of the lower jaw overlap or project beyond the front of the upper jaw when the mouth is closed. Boxers and Bulldogs are good examples of this bite.

The proper bite is a "true scissors" -lower incisors upright and touching inside of upper incisors.

At certain times during the formation of permanent teeth, pups may be ill or have to receive certain medication for diseases. Either of these can cause a yellowish discoloration and/or pitting of the permanent teeth. These distemper teeth shall not be penalized" according to the current Standard.

Below is a chart of 42 correctly placed adult teeth.