Medications During Pregnancy


submitted with permission by Marj Brooks
with thanks to Kevin & Donna Frizzell of DeSaix St. Bernards for generously allowing us to use many of their superb array of articles

DRUGS CONTRAINDICATED IN PREGNANCY

Drug Adverse Effects
Acetazolamide Foetal Anomalies
Amphotericin B Congenital Anomalies
Androgens Masculinization of Fetus
Antineoplastics Fetal Death or Anomalies
Bishydroxycoumarin Fetal Death & Intrauterine Haemorrhage
Chloramphenicol Foetal Death
Chlorpromazine Neonatal Hepatic Necrosis
Cholinesterase Inhibitors Neonatal Myasthenis
Corticosteroids Cleft Palate
Diazoxide Destruction of Foetal Islet Cells
Dimethylsulfoxide Congenital Anomalies
EDTA Congenital Anomalies
Estrogens Feminization of Foetus
Ethoxyzolamide Congenital Anomalies
Fluocytosine Congenital Anomalies
Griseofulvin Congenital Anomalies
Gold Salts Congenital Anomalies
Indomethacin Premature Closure of Ductus Arteriosus
lododeoxyuridine Congenital Anomalies
Iodides Fetal Goiter
Iodinated Casein Neonatal Goiter
Isoniazid Retarded Psychomotor Activity
Isoproterenol Fetal Tachycardia
Lithium salts Fetal Goiter
Meclizine Congenital Anomalies
Meperidine Inhibit Closure of Ductus Arteriosus
Mepivacaine Fetal Bradycardia
Methoxamine Placental Vasoconstriction & Foetal Hypoxia
Nitrofurantoin Fetal Haemolysis
Paracetamol Methemoglobinaemia
Phenylbutazone Neonatal Goiter & Nephrosis
Phenylphrine Placental Vasoconstriction – Foetal Hypoxia
Prochlorperazine Congenital Anomalies
Propranolol Foetal Bradycardia
Propylthiouracil Neonatal Goiter
Quinine Deafness and Thrombocytopenia
Reserpine Respiratory Obstruction
Salicylates Neonatal Bleeding
Sodium Selenites Impaired Growth of Foetus
Streptomycin Hearing Loss & Congenital Anomalies
S.R. Sulfonamides Liver Atrophy and Hyperbilirubinemia
Tetracyclines Impaired Bone and Tooth Development
Thiazides Foetal Death and Thrombocytopenia
Vitamin A Multiple Anomalies
Vitamin D Hypercalcemia & Mental Retardation
Vitamin K Analogs Hyperbilirubinemia
Warfarin Intrauterine Haemorrhage

 

DRUGS CONSIDERED TO BE SAFE DURING PREGNANCY

 

Acetylcysteine Disophenol Morphine
Ammonium Chloride Doxapram Neomycin
Amoxicillin Doxylamine Niclosamide
Ampicillin Enflurane Nitrous Oxide
Atropine Ephedrine Oxytocin
Cephalexin Erythromycin Penicillin
Cephaloridine Ethrane Pentobarbital
Cephalothin Furosemide Phenobarbital
Chloramphenicol Gentamicin Pilocarpine
Chlorpheniramine Glycopyrrolate Piperazine
Chymotrypsin Guaifenesin Polymyxin B
Clindamycin Halothane Pralidoxime
Clonazepam Heparin Primidone
Codeine Kanamycin Procaine
Colistin Ketamine Pyrantel
Dextromethorphan Lidocaine Pyrilamine
Diazepam Lincomycin Salbutamol
Dichlorvos Mannitol Spironolactone
Dicloxacillin Mebendazole Sulfonamides
Diethylcarbamazine Metaproterenol Tetracaine
Diethyl Ether Methapyrilene Theophylline
Digitoxin Methenamine Thiopental
Digoxin Methohexital Tiletamine
Dimenhydrinate Metronidazole Triamterene
Diphenhydramine Miconazole Urokinase

 

DRUGS NOT PROVEN TO BE SAFE FOR USE DURING
PREGNANCY BUT NOT NECESSARILY CONTRAINDICATED

 

Acepromazine Glycobiarsol Procainamide
Aminopentamide Hexylcaine Prochlorperazine
Aminopromazine Hydralazine Promazine
Arsenamide Hydrocortisone Proparacaine
Aspirin Iron Dextran Propiopromazine
Bithionol Lenperone Pyrimethamine
Bunamidine Levamisole Quinacrine
Butorphanol Liothyronine Quinidine
N-Butyl Chloride Meprobamate Ronnel
Caffeine Methocarbamol Saffan
Chlorpromazine Methoxyflurane Spectinomycin
Chlorprothixene Methylprednisolone Stanozolol
Cimetidine Neostigmine Styrylpyridium
Colchicine Nitroglycerine Thiabendazole
Cortisone Nitroprusside Thyroxine
Cythioate Nystatin Toluene
Dapsone Phenoxybenzamin Trichlorfon
Dichlorophene| Phthalofyne Trifluomeprazine
Dithiazanine Physostigmine Trimethoprim
Dobutamine Prazosin Xylazine

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